In hot weather, people will surely rush to swim. There is nothing better than being immersed in cool water. However, drowning can happen to anyone, whether you know how to swim or being an excellent swimmer, including adults and even children. So, you must understand the rules of swimming in order to avoid all possible bad situations.
First, you must know 5 Basic Rules of swimming:
1. Water Comfort:
- Being comfortable in the water
- Spending time in a shallow pool or wadding in the ocean
2. Breath control:
- Water entering the nose and mouth when you’re a novice swimmer
- Exercise such as drawing a breath, submerging, blowing bubbles and then resurface for another breath
- Specific breathing techniques for different stroke
- Keeping your body horizontal position in the water
- Not a difficult skill, since human are naturally buoyant
- Require a few techniques
- Provides propulsion through the water
- Also used in treading water, which is the process of remaining in one place while keeping your head above the water line
- Kickboard, flat flotation devices made of foam or plastic that support the swimmer’s body
- Allow you to focus solely on your kicking technique without worrying about staying afloat
- The arm movements used to pull the body through the water
- Front Crawl (Freestyle), Backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly: each stroke use different body positioning, breathing techniques and arm movements
- Best learned when training with a qualified coach
Different techniques of 04 stroke
The swimmer must remain on the breast at all times with synchronized arm and leg movements. Arms must recover clear of the water and enter the water together In front of the swimmer. Legs must remain together throughout the stroke and only vertical motion is permitted. Any separation of the legs or horizontal movement is considered illegal and thus subjects the swimmer to disqualification.
At the start of a race, swimmers dive in and are permitted as many fly legs kick as they want, subject to the head breaking the surface of the pool before the 15m point. At the turns and at the end of the race, swimmers must touch the pool wall or timing pad with both hands simultaneously.
Here arms and legs follow a circular motion and must remain synchronous at all times. Swimmers must remain on the breast at all times and must stay flat in the water. If the body twists slightly, this will throw the legs off of a horizontal plane, resulting in what is termed a screw kick, resulting in a disqualification. At turns and the finish, a touch must be made with both hands, at the same time.
Swimmers must remain on their back at all times, except for when performing a turn. Here the swimmer may turn to their breast and initiate a turn immediately, leaving the wall on their back. Any time spent on the breast heading towards the wall is not allowed and if spotted by the turn judge will result in disqualification.
As with butterfly stroke, swimmers must break the surface of the water before the 15m mark. At the finish, it is normal for the swimmers to duck under the water to gain an advantage. This is acceptable, providing a part of the body is above the water at the time of touching the wall.
This stroke is generally considered the fastest stroke, although for some stronger swimmers, butterfly stroke may be quicker. Freestyle is pretty much anything goes and there is nothing to prevent swimmers from performing backstroke or butterfly during a freestyle race, as long as the whole race uses the same stroke. Swimmers must touch the wall at the turns and the finish, with the most common rule infringements being not touching the wall, or coming up in the wrong lane from the turn.
One additional event for the swimmer is the individual medley event. Here four strokes have swum in order, butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke and freestyle. Each stroke will be swum for 25% of the race with the freestyle stroke being anything that hasn’t already been swum. At the end of each stroke, it is important to perform the finish for that stroke, so for instance at the end of the butterfly stroke, a two-handed touch must be made before starting the backstroke. A common error is to perform a tumble turn between strokes, thus not satisfying the finish for the stroke, resulting in a disqualification.
Each stroke requires different techniques, the best for your safety is to master at least 1 of 04 strokes to avoid a bad situation that could happen. If there is something bad happen, you can use that stroke you swim best to stay survive.
Hope you will have a joyful summertime and be safe!